IT163
Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1997 15-20 breeding pairs A1, C1
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT passage 1998 280-550 individuals A1, B1i, C1, C2
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1995 67 individuals A1, C1
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC passage 1997 100-350 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC passage 1997 200-300 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Ixobrychus minutus NR breeding 1998 80-100 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC breeding 1997 50 breeding pairs C6
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1992 10-15 breeding pairs C2, C6
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea LC breeding 1997 15-20 breeding pairs B2, C6
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1996 500-4,000 individuals B1i, C3
Charadrius alexandrinus NR breeding 1997 13-18 breeding pairs B2
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage 1997 1 individuals A1, C1
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1997 50 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Black Tern Chlidonias niger LC passage 1997 700 individuals B1i, C2
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC passage 1997 100 individuals C2
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola VU passage 1997 2-3 individuals A1, C1
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1996 20,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) 500 150 - moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck 25 5 breeding pairs 20 very unfavourable
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen 100 60 breeding pairs 60 unfavourable
Ixobrychus minutus 125 20 breeding pairs 16 very unfavourable
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron 5 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 10 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Tratto di Pietralunga del Fiume Simeto Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 748 protected area overlaps with site 171
Riserva naturale Oasi del Simeto Regional/Provincial Nature Reserve 1,859 protected area overlaps with site 400
Foce del Fiume Simeto e Lago Gornalunga Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,837 protected area overlaps with site 1,094
Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,946 protected area overlaps with site 3,116

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches, Salt marshes, Lagoons -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
water management -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/01/2019.