Tolfa hills

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A hilly area along the Tyrrhenian coast, east of the town of Civitavecchia. Habitats include maquis, broadleaved woodlands of beech Fagus, and extensive wooded pastures. The main land-use is cattle- and horse-rearing.

Key biodiversity
An important breeding site for many SPECs, especially raptors (the best site in Italy for Circaetus gallicus), owls, larks and shrikes. In the 1970s three pairs of Neophron percnopterus also bred. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni (occurs on passage).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are house-building and road-construction in the area. The site is a proposed Regional Park. A project to study and protect Milvus milvus is run by LIPU, and individuals have been reintroduced from Spain.

Protected areas
National Low International Partial900 ha of IBA covered by Regional Nature Reserve (Monterano, 900 ha). 1,450 ha of IBA covered by Regional Urban Park (Marturanum, 1,450 ha). 8,373 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Comprensorio meridionale dei Monti della Tolfa, 8,373 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tolfa hills. Downloaded from on 18/08/2022.