A wetland on the Tyrrhenian coast, about 10 km south of the village of Cecina. Habitats include sand beaches and dunes, maquis, wet woodlands and grasslands, and open water. The surroundings include arable land. Its main use is for nature conservation.
Site is also notable for breeding and wintering waterbirds and migrating waders. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (4, winter).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threat is the unsustainable use of water resources for agriculture.
National Partial International High500 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Bolgheri, 500 ha). 518 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Bolgheri, 518 ha). 562 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Palude di Bolgheri, 562 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2022.