Rawaki (Phoenix Island)

Year of compilation: 2007

Site description (baseline)
Rawaki is a low coral island surrounded by a raised beah crest with the interior of the island forming a saucer-like depression. Within the central depression there is a hyper-saline lake of around 20ha and a number of small fresh water pools.

Key biodiversity
An important seabird colony

Habitat and land use
The island is a low coral island vegetated with grasses and low shrubs.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The island has been colonised by rabbits, resulting in degredation of vegetation. An attempt at eradication has been proposed for 2008.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
The island was surveyed as part of the Phoenix Islands Conservation survey and assessment of restoration feasibility (Pierce et al 2006).

Protected areas
The island forms part of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Rawaki (Phoenix Island). Downloaded from on 01/06/2023.