Enderbury Island

Site description (2007 baseline):

Site location and context
Enderbury s a low coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef. The island rises steeply from the ocean floor, then from the shore rises to a beach crest before descending to a low-lying interior basin where a small hypersaline orange-coloured lagoon is found

Key biodiversity
The island is an important seabird colony

Non-bird biodiversity: Most important Green turtle nesting area in the Phoenix group.

Habitat and land use
The island has been unoccupied since 1979. Vegetation on the island consists of atoll scrub and grasses with a few stands of low trees. There are small numbers of coconut palms.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Pacific rats are common on the island. Cats were formerly present.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
The island was surveyed as part of the Phoenix Islands Conservation survey and assessment of restoration feasibility (Pierce et al 2006).

Protected areas
Part of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Enderbury Island. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.