Monumento Natural Contulmo

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2010 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Chilean Pigeon Patagioenas araucana LC resident - present A2, A3
Austral Parakeet Enicognathus ferrugineus LC resident - present A3
Slender-billed Parakeet Enicognathus leptorhynchus LC resident - present A2
Black-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos tarnii LC resident - present A2, A3
Chucao Tapaculo Scelorchilus rubecula LC resident - present A2, A3
Ochre-flanked Tapaculo Eugralla paradoxa LC resident - present A2, A3
Dusky Tapaculo Scytalopus fuscus LC resident - present A3
White-throated Treerunner Pygarrhichas albogularis LC resident - present A3
Thorn-tailed Rayadito Aphrastura spinicauda LC resident - present A3
Des Murs's Wiretail Sylviorthorhynchus desmurii LC unknown - present A3
Patagonian Tyrant Colorhamphus parvirostris LC non-breeding - present A3
Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope LC resident - present A3
Chilean Mockingbird Mimus thenca LC resident - present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2010).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2021 favourable very high medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 88 88 - good (> 90%) favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Contulmo Monumento Natural 82 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Monumento Natural Contulmo. Downloaded from on 06/12/2023.