Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of
assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.
For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
For further information about the land use classification please click here.
Lands comprising the Hamakua Forest Important Bird Area are owned by the Federal Government, the State of Hawai`i, and several different private landowners. Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge is owned by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Laupahoehoe Natural Area Reserve and the Hamakua, Hilo, Hilo Watershed, and Manowaiale`e Forest Reserves are owned by the State of Hawai`i. Private landowners include Kamehameha Schools, Queen Liliuokalani Trust, and Parker Ranch. Despite their misleading names, two private parcels owned by Hawaii Forest Preservation and the Ohana Sanctuary are in reality associated with the logging company Koa Timber Inc.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hamakua Forests. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2022.