UK278
Lough Foyle and River Foyle


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC passage 2001-2006 846 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 2001-2006 774 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Brent Goose Branta bernicla LC passage 2001-2006 2,210 individuals B1i, C3
Brent Goose Branta bernicla LC winter 2001-2006 1,018 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC passage 2001-2006 3,565 individuals C6
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC winter 2001-2006 5,630 individuals C6
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT winter 2001-2006 2,119 individuals B2
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT passage 2001-2006 254 individuals C6
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT winter 2001-2006 1,644 individuals A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2001-2006 27,411 individuals A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2001-2006 32,347 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 785 774 individuals 99 favourable
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan 97 15 individuals 16 very unfavourable
Branta bernicla Brent Goose 3820 1018 individuals 27 very unfavourable
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 5050 5630 individuals 100 favourable
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 2100 3565 individuals 100 favourable
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew 1980 2119 individuals 100 favourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 2150 1644 individuals 77 near favourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 495 254 individuals 52 unfavourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 35938 32347 individuals 91 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Roe Estuary National Nature Reserve 362 protected area contained by site 362
RIVER ROE AND TRIBUTARIES Area of Special Scientific Interest (NI) 408 protected area is adjacent to site 0
River Roe And Tributaries Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 408 protected area is adjacent to site 0
River Foyle and Tributaries Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) 0 protected area overlaps with site 285
River Foyle And Tributaries Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 772 protected area overlaps with site 0
RIVER FOYLE AND TRIBUTARIES Area of Special Scientific Interest (NI) 772 protected area overlaps with site 0
River Faughan And Tributaries Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 294 protected area is adjacent to site 0
North Derry Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 0 protected area overlaps with site 2,001
Magilligan Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,060 protected area overlaps with site 0
MAGILLIGAN Area of Special Scientific Interest (NI) 1,060 protected area overlaps with site 1,069
Lough Foyle Nature Reserve 723 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lough Foyle Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 2,194 protected area contained by site 2,204
LOUGH FOYLE Area of Special Scientific Interest (NI) 2,008 protected area overlaps with site 2,006
Lough Foyle Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 2,204 protected area contained by site 2,204
Lough Foyle RSPB Reserve 929 protected area overlaps with site 884
Lough Foyle Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Downhill Nature Reserve 48 protected area is adjacent to site 0
BINEVENAGH Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (NI) 16,618 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters, Mud flats and sand flats, Salt marshes, Shingle or stony beaches, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes, Arable land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lough Foyle and River Foyle. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/08/2020.