Gippsland Lakes


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2009

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Musk Duck Biziura lobata LC resident 1975-2003 200-750 individuals A4i
Black Swan Cygnus atratus LC resident 1975-2003 10,000 individuals A4i
Chestnut Teal Anas castanea LC resident 1975-2003 3,730 individuals A4i
Fairy Tern Sternula nereis VU resident 1975-2003 5-80 individuals A1, A4i

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 high unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information -

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Wattle Point G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 85 protected area overlaps with site 0
Victoria Lagoon G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 452 protected area overlaps with site 0
Tucker Swamp G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 131 protected area contained by site 0
The Lakes National Park National Park 2,405 protected area contained by site 2,390
The Dardenelles G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 303 protected area overlaps with site 0
Tambo Delta - Metung G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 21 protected area overlaps with site 0
Swell Point - Roseneath Point G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 165 protected area overlaps with site 0
Swan Reach Bay G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 33 protected area overlaps with site 0
Steel Bay - Newland Backwater G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 231 protected area overlaps with site 0
Slaughterhouse Creek G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 130 protected area overlaps with site 0
Salt Lake - Backwater Morass G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 302 protected area overlaps with site 0
Sale Common N.C.R. Nature Conservation Reserve 325 protected area overlaps with site 308
Rigby Island G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 133 protected area contained by site 0
Red Morass G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 295 protected area overlaps with site 0
Raymond Island G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 219 protected area overlaps with site 0
Point Fullarton G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 55 protected area overlaps with site 0
Poddy Bay G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 216 protected area contained by site 0
Nyerimilang Park G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 182 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Nicholson floodplain G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 51 protected area overlaps with site 0
Morley Swamp G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 230 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mitchell River water reserve G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 0
Mitchell River Silt Jetties G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 276 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mitchell and Wonnangatta Rivers Heritage River 13,276 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Macleod Morass W.R. Natural Features Reserve 540 protected area overlaps with site 453
Lake Tyers State Park 8,694 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lake Coleman W.R Natural Features Reserve 2,095 protected area overlaps with site 1,294
Jones Bay W.R Natural Features Reserve 120 protected area overlaps with site 121
Jones Bay G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 1,870 protected area contained by site 0
Hollands Landing G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 69 protected area contained by site 0
Heart Morass W.R Natural Features Reserve 375 protected area overlaps with site 364
Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Conservation Park 17,786 protected area overlaps with site 8,845
Gippsland Lakes Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 61,151 protected area overlaps with site 60,015
Fraser Island G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 4 protected area overlaps with site 0
Flannagan Island G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 43 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Eagle Point G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 55 protected area overlaps with site 0
Dowd Morass W.R. Natural Features Reserve 1,504 protected area overlaps with site 851
Clydebank Morass W.R. Natural Features Reserve 1,450 protected area overlaps with site 703
Clydebank Frontage G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 76 protected area overlaps with site 0
Blond Bay W.R. Natural Features Reserve 1,922 protected area contained by site 0
Blond Bay G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 185 protected area contained by site 1,929
Baxter Island G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 0
Bancroft Bay - Kalimna G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 66 protected area overlaps with site 0
Backwater Morass G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 552 protected area overlaps with site 0
Avon-Perry River Delta G.L.R Natural Features Reserve 169 protected area overlaps with site 0
Andrew Bay - Grebe Bay G.L.R. Natural Features Reserve 172 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Lagoons, Sand cays, islets & bars -
Forest Melaleuca forests & woodlands -
Shrubland Chenopod shrubs, samphire shrubs and forblands -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools, Saline lakes -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
Victorian State Government with management responsibilities shared by East Gippsland Shire Council, West Gippsland Shire Council, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Parks Victoria, Department of Primary Industries (mostly fisheries), Southern Rural Water, East Gippsland Water, West Gippsland Water, East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority, West Gippsland Catchment Management Authority, Environment Protection Authority, Gippsland Coastal Board, Gippsland. Ports.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gippsland Lakes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/01/2022.