UK172
Gruinart Flats


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis LC winter 1997-2003 13,397 individuals A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC winter 1999-2003 1,395 individuals B1i, C2, C3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium very unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 135 13 individuals 10 very unfavourable
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose 11800 13397 individuals 100 favourable
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose 940 1395 individuals 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 23171 7554 individuals 33 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Rinns of Islay Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 9,434 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Rinns Of Islay Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,085 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Rinns of Islay Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 8,792 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Loch Gruinart/Ardnave RSPB Reserve 2,780 protected area overlaps with site 1,470
Loch Gruinart & Ardnave Nature Reserve 2,781 protected area overlaps with site 0
Gruinart Flats; Islay Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,256 is identical to site 3,244
Gruinart Flats, Islay Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 3,261 protected area overlaps with site 3,244
Gruinart Flats, Islay Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Gruinart Flats Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,262 protected area overlaps with site 3,170

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland -
Shrubland Heathland -
Grassland Humid grasslands, Mesophile grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Mud flats and sand flats, Salt marshes, Sand dunes and beaches, Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Blanket bogs -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gruinart Flats. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2020.