Cooloola and Fraser Coast

Country/territory: Australia

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2009)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 213,540 ha

Protection status:

BirdLife Australia
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2008 low not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The IBA is situated approximately 175 km north of Brisbane in coastal south-eastern Queensland. It consists of the Fraser Island and Cooloola sections of Great Sandy National Park and the intervening land of Inskip Point, excluding the township of Rainbow Beach. This area is a huge sand mass, which supports a wide range of coastal vegetation communities including vine thickets, wallum swamps and open forests and woodlands. This IBA is designed to capture a large population of Black-breasted Button-quail, estimated to possibly support 250 breeding females. The climate is subtropical with warm winters, hot summers and mean annual rainfall of more than 1200 mm.

Key biodiversity
The following species which are listed as globally threatened by IUCN have been recorded: Red Goshawk and Black-necked Stork but their current status is unknown. The following species which are listed under Queensland's Nature Conservation Act (1992) have been recorded: Plumed (Marbled) Frogmouth (vulnerable), Australian Swiftlet (rare), Grey Goshawk (rare), Red Goshawk (endangered), Square-tailed Kite (rare), Lewin's Rail (rare), Sooty Oystercatcher (rare), Eastern Curlew (rare), Little Tern (endangered), Glossy Black-Cockatoo (vulnerable), Coxen's Fig-Parrot (historic records only; endangered), Ground Parrot (vulnerable), Powerful Owl (vulnerable), Sooty Owl (rare), Southern Emu-wren (vulnerable); and the following non-breeding seabirds: Red-tailed Tropicbird, Southern and Northern Giant-Petrel (all vulnerable). The Atlas of Australian Birds contains a single record of the endangered Australasian Bittern for the period 1998 to 2008 (Atlas of Australian Birds database).

Non-bird biodiversity: This IBA supports four species of frog, six species of mammal, five species of reptile (excluding sea-turtles) and 26 species of plant that are listed as rare and threatened under the Queensland government's Nature Conservation Act (1992). It contains a number of ecosystem types which are considered to be threatened.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cooloola and Fraser Coast. Downloaded from on 04/12/2020.