UK148
Firth of Forth Islands


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2007 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus LC breeding 1999 44,110 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B2, C3
European Shag Gulosus aristotelis LC breeding 2001 1,089 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus LC breeding 1999-2002 7,492 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Arctic Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus LC breeding 1999-2001 10,988 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 2000 2 breeding pairs B2, C6
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 2006 5 breeding pairs B2, C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 1999-2000 313 breeding pairs C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2000 300 breeding pairs B2, C6
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica VU breeding 1998-1999 72,115 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B2, C3
Razorbill Alca torda LC breeding 2001 4,768 individuals B1ii, B3, C3
Common Murre Uria aalge LC breeding 1999-2001 36,417 individuals B1ii, C3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1999-2002 145,356 breeding pairs A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 1999-2002 27,669 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2007).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed low medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Isle of May National Nature Reserve 70 protected area overlaps with site 57
Isle of May Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Isle Of May Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 357 protected area overlaps with site 42
Isle of May Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 70 protected area overlaps with site 57
Inchmickery Nature Reserve 5 protected area overlaps with site 0
Inchmickery Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 5 protected area overlaps with site 5
Forth Islands Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 21 protected area overlaps with site 22
Forth Islands Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forth Islands Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 9,795 protected area overlaps with site 0
Firth of Forth Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Firth of Forth Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6,314 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Firth of Forth Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 6,318 protected area is adjacent to site 105
Firth of Forth Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 7,435 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Fidra RSPB Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11
Fidra Nature Reserve 12 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bass Rock Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 8 protected area overlaps with site 8

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Firth of Forth Islands. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/firth-of-forth-islands-iba-united-kingdom on 29/02/2024.