Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla VU breeding 2000 42,692 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Razorbill Alca torda NT breeding 2000 8,539 individuals A4ii, B1ii, B3, C3
Common Murre Uria aalge LC breeding 2000 46,685 individuals B1ii, C3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1999-2000 43,522 breeding pairs A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 1999-2000 43,445 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 low unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake 75000 42692 breeding pairs 57 unfavourable
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin 6000 2615 breeding pairs 44 unfavourable
Alca torda Razorbill 11194 8539 individuals 77 near favourable
Uria aalge Common Murre 44776 46685 individuals 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 76010 43445 breeding pairs 58 unfavourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 46120 43522 breeding pairs 95 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
South Landing Local Nature Reserve 15 protected area overlaps with site 0
Flamborough Outer Headland Local Nature Reserve 83 protected area overlaps with site 0
Flamborough Headland Heritage Coast 6,698 protected area contains site 208
Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 207 protected area overlaps with site 208
Flamborough Head Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 6,321 protected area contains site 0
Flamborough Head Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 318 protected area overlaps with site 208
Flamborough Head Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bempton Cliffs Nature Reserve 27 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bempton Cliffs RSPB Reserve 27 protected area overlaps with site 12


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Sea Open Sea -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs. Downloaded from on 01/12/2021.