UK142
Firth of Forth


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis LC passage 2001-2006 228 individuals B1i, C2
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 2001-2006 1,753 individuals B1i, C3
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus LC passage 2001-2006 12,699 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus LC winter 2001-2006 5,367 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi LC winter 2001-2006 1,121 individuals B2
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC passage 2001-2006 3,103 individuals B1i, C3
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC passage 2001-2006 2,970 individuals C6
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC winter 2001-2006 3,112 individuals C6
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT passage 2001-2006 4,015 individuals A4i, B1i, B2, C3
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT winter 2001-2006 3,387 individuals B2
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT passage 2001-2006 1,454 individuals A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT winter 2001-2006 1,380 individuals A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC passage 2001-2006 858 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter 2001-2006 815 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Red Knot Calidris canutus NT winter 2001-2006 5,991 individuals B1i, B2, C3
Dunlin Calidris alpina LC winter 2001-2006 10,595 individuals B2
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC passage 2001-2006 5,715 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 2001-2006 4,846 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 2000 750 breeding pairs C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 2006 1,039 breeding pairs C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2001-2006 73,408 individuals A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2001-2006 77,575 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution industrial & military effluents - oil spills likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Anser anser Greylag Goose 595 1753 individuals 100 favourable
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose 12800 5367 individuals 42 unfavourable
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck 3560 1032 individuals 29 very unfavourable
Aythya marila Greater Scaup 195 114 individuals 59 unfavourable
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 3130 3112 individuals 100 favourable
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 3340 2970 individuals 89 near favourable
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew 2410 4015 individuals 100 favourable
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew 2220 3387 individuals 100 favourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 2380 1380 individuals 58 unfavourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 1530 1454 individuals 96 favourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 685 858 individuals 100 favourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 1080 815 individuals 76 near favourable
Calidris canutus Red Knot 7550 5991 individuals 80 near favourable
Calidris alpina Dunlin 8650 10595 individuals 100 favourable
Calidris alpina Dunlin 8650 10595 individuals 100 favourable
Tringa totanus Common Redshank 4150 5715 individuals 100 favourable
Tringa totanus Common Redshank 4190 4846 individuals 100 favourable
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull 865 99 breeding pairs 12 very unfavourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 690 1039 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 82120 77575 individuals 95 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 28561 73408 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Torry Bay Local Nature Reserve 891 protected area overlaps with site 0
St Margaret's Marsh Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 24 protected area overlaps with site 0
Skinflats Nature Reserve 426 protected area overlaps with site 0
Skinflats RSPB Reserve 426 protected area contained by site 426
Kinneil Foreshore Local Nature Reserve 55 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kilminning Coast Nature Reserve 20 protected area overlaps with site 0
John Muir Country Park Park 0 protected area overlaps with site 529
Imperial Dock Lock; Leith Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 19,349 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forth Islands Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Forth Islands Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 9,795 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Firth of Forth Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 7,435 protected area overlaps with site 6,289
Firth of Forth Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6,314 protected area overlaps with site 6,289
Firth of Forth Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Firth of Forth Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 6,318 is identical to site 6,209
Fife Ness Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 118 protected area overlaps with site 0
Dumbarnie Links Nature Reserve 7 protected area overlaps with site 0
Alloa Inches Nature Reserve 54 protected area contained by site 0
Aberlady Bay Local Nature Reserve 575 protected area overlaps with site 582

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Heathland -
Grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters, Mud flats and sand flats, Salt marshes, Sand dunes and beaches, Shingle or stony beaches, Coastal lagoons, Standing brackish and salt water, Water fringe vegetation, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Sea Open Sea, Sea inlets and coastal features -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Firth of Forth. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2020.