Farne Islands

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
European Shag Gulosus aristotelis LC breeding 2000 1,207 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding 2000 1 breeding pairs C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 2000 147 breeding pairs C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 2007 117 breeding pairs C6
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 2000 1,526 breeding pairs C2, C6
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 2007 2,256 breeding pairs C2, C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2000 1,950 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2007 1,413 breeding pairs C2, C6
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica VU breeding 2003 55,674 breeding pairs B1ii, B2, C3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 2000-2003 11,401 breeding pairs A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2000-2003 77,163 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 low unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Gulosus aristotelis European Shag 1020 1207 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull 1380 665 breeding pairs 49 unfavourable
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern 2 0 breeding pairs 0 not assessed
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 250 117 breeding pairs 47 unfavourable
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 3070 2256 breeding pairs 74 near favourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 1950 1413 breeding pairs 73 near favourable
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin 34700 55674 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 14155 11401 breeding pairs 81 near favourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 54182 77163 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 13,500 protected area contains site 101
North Northumberland Heritage Coast 13,286 protected area contains site 101
Farne Islands (NT) Reserve 101 is identical to site 101
Farne Islands Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 5,023 is identical to site 101
Farne Islands National Nature Reserve 100 is identical to site 101
Farne Islands Site of Special Scientific Interest (GB) 101 is identical to site 101


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Mesophile grasslands -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores, Rock stacks and islets -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Farne Islands. Downloaded from on 27/01/2020.