Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2012

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus LC breeding 2005-2011 50-249 breeding pairs B2
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 2005-2011 400-1,200 individuals B1i, C3
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 2005-2011 1-5 breeding pairs C6
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 2005-2011 2,000-15,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo LC passage 2005-2011 200-800 individuals B1i, C3
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 2005-2011 100-500 individuals B1i, C2
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC passage 2005-2011 100-600 individuals B1i, C2
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC passage 2005-2011 100-750 individuals B1i, C2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 2005-2012 2-55 breeding pairs C6
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC passage 2005-2011 200-450 individuals B1i, C2
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC breeding 2005-2012 12-125 breeding pairs B2, C6
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT winter 2005-2012 10-40 individuals C1
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC passage 2005-2011 50-300 individuals B1i, C2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN passage 2005-2011 2-7 individuals A1, C1
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC breeding 2005-2011 2-4 breeding pairs C6
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage 2005-2011 20-60 individuals A1, C1
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC passage 2005-2011 250-999 individuals A1, C1
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus VU passage 2005-2011 500-2,000 individuals A1, B1iii, C1, C2
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae LC breeding 2005-2011 50-70 breeding pairs A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN passage 2005-2011 5-20 individuals A1, C1
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC breeding 2005-2011 4-5 breeding pairs C6
Cyprus Warbler Curruca melanothorax LC breeding 2005-2011 700-1,000 breeding pairs B3
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 2005-2011 2,000-6,000 individuals B1iv, C5
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2005-2011 6,000-22,000 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
SBAs Special Protection Area Episkopi Cliffs Other 568 protected area contained by site 552
SBAs Special Protection Area Akrotiri Wetlands Other 3,819 protected area overlaps with site 3,787
SBAs Special Protection Area Akrotiri Cliffs Other 432 protected area contained by site 394
Limassol Lake (Akrotiri) Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 2,171 protected area contained by site 2,288
Limassol Lake (Akrotiri) Game Reserve ("Hunting Preserve") 2,000 protected area contained by site 0
GF_12 Μόνιμα Απαγορευμένη Περιοχή Κυνηγίου 2,614 protected area overlaps with site 0
GF_10 Μόνιμα Απαγορευμένη Περιοχή Κυνηγίου 2,449 protected area overlaps with site 0
GF_07 Μόνιμα Απαγορευμένη Περιοχή Κυνηγίου 3,414 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Intertidal -
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Other urban and industrial areas, Perennial crops, orchards and groves -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Other -
Marine Neritic -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs. Downloaded from on 31/03/2023.