IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus LC breeding 1999 1,127 breeding pairs B3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1999-2000 15,084 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 very high unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull 659 1127 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Species group - seabirds A4iii 15350 7500 individuals 49 unfavourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 15350 15084 breeding pairs 99 not assessed

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Copinsay RSPB Reserve 127 is identical to site 125
Copinsay Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 126 protected area overlaps with site 125
Copinsay Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,608 protected area contains site 125
Copinsay Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Copinsay Nature Reserve 127 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores, Rock stacks and islets -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Copinsay. Downloaded from on 20/03/2023.