Stepa Casimcea This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus LC breeding 1990-2006 45-50 breeding pairs C6
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus LC breeding 1990-2006 9-10 breeding pairs C6
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage 1990-2006 60-70 individuals C1, C6
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus LC winter 1990-2006 90-100 individuals C6
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus LC breeding 1990-2006 20-24 breeding pairs C6
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 1990-2006 60-70 breeding pairs C1
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus VU breeding 1990-2006 29-36 breeding pairs C1, C6
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus VU passage 1990-2006 200-300 individuals C1
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN breeding 1990-2006 1-2 breeding pairs C1, C6
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor LC breeding 1990-2006 210-240 breeding pairs C6
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra LC breeding 1990-2006 2,200-2,500 breeding pairs C6
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla LC breeding 1990-2006 600-700 breeding pairs C6
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris LC breeding 1990-2006 3,600-5,000 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Falco cherrug Saker Falcon 2 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Valea Mahomencea Nature reserve 1,052 protected area contained by site 0
Stepa Casimcea Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 21,955 protected area contained by site 22,213
Războieni Nature reserve 41 protected area contained by site 0
Podișul Nord Dobrogean Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 84,875 protected area overlaps with site 11,385
Pădurea Babadag Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 57,912 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Colțanii Mari Nature reserve 56 protected area contained by site 0
Casimcea Nature reserve 136 protected area contained by site 0
Beidaud Nature reserve 1,146 protected area contained by site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Stepa Casimcea. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022.