Stepa Saraiu - Horea This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage 1990-2006 60-70 individuals C1, C6
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus LC breeding 1990-2006 20-24 breeding pairs C6
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 1990-2006 10-20 breeding pairs C1
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus VU breeding 1990-2006 24-40 breeding pairs C1, C6
Merlin Falco columbarius LC winter 1990-2006 12-15 individuals C6
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN passage 1990-2006 1-2 individuals C1
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra LC breeding 1990-2006 1,200-1,400 breeding pairs C6
Barred Warbler Curruca nisoria LC breeding 1990-2006 20-30 breeding pairs C6
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris LC breeding 1990-2006 1,000-1,200 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon 12 10 breeding pairs 84 near favourable
Falco cherrug Saker Falcon 2 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Stepa Saraiu - Horea Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 4,127 protected area overlaps with site 3,908
Dunărea Veche - Brațul Măcin Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 19,012 protected area is adjacent to site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Stepa Saraiu - Horea. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022.