Danube Delta

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 1990-2006 1-4 individuals C1
Mute Swan Cygnus olor LC winter 1990-2006 3,600-5,300 individuals C3
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 1990-2006 340-1,270 individuals C2, C6
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis VU winter 1990-2006 7,000-24,000 individuals C1, C2, C6
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 1990-2006 6,500-15,000 individuals C3
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC winter 1990-2006 12,000-100,000 individuals C3
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 1990-2006 10-30 individuals C1, C6
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC winter 1990-2006 410-520 individuals C3
Smew Mergellus albellus LC winter 1990-2006 2,100-3,800 individuals C2, C6
Goosander Mergus merganser LC winter 1990-2006 120-180 individuals C3
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1990-2006 800-1,200 individuals C3
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 1990-2006 540-2,470 individuals C3
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1990-2006 24,000-38,000 individuals C3
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1990-2006 3,800-4,200 breeding pairs C1, C2, C6
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1990-2006 6,300-7,450 individuals C3
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC passage 1990-2006 5,500-6,000 individuals C3
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1990-2006 1,200-5,500 individuals C3
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC passage 1990-2006 6,500-8,000 individuals C3
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 1990-2006 23,500-82,000 individuals C3
Common Teal Anas crecca LC passage 1990-2006 9,000-20,000 individuals C3
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana LC breeding 1990-2006 300-400 breeding pairs C2, C6
Little Crake Zapornia parva LC breeding 1990-2006 2,000-3,000 breeding pairs C2, C6
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1990-2006 22,000-34,000 individuals C3
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan VU passage 1990-2006 20-1,000 individuals C2, C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC breeding 1990-2006 80-90 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC breeding 1990-2006 360-440 breeding pairs C2, C6
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC breeding 1990-2006 2,000-3,200 breeding pairs C2, C6
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris LC breeding 1990-2006 1,550-1,650 breeding pairs C2, C6
Ixobrychus minutus NR breeding 1990-2006 3,000-3,500 breeding pairs C2, C6
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC breeding 1990-2006 2,660-3,200 breeding pairs C2, C6
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1990-2006 2,000-2,400 breeding pairs C2, C6
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea LC breeding 1990-2006 230-450 breeding pairs C2, C6
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC breeding 1990-2006 320-360 breeding pairs C2, C6
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1990-2006 620-870 individuals C2
Egretta garzetta NR breeding 1990-2006 1,700-2,500 breeding pairs C2, C6
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT breeding 1990-2006 320-410 breeding pairs C1, C2, C6
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC breeding 1990-2006 3,560-4,160 breeding pairs C2, C6
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC breeding 1990-2006 8,700-9,500 breeding pairs C2, C6
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1990-2006 4,000-6,500 individuals C2, C6
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC passage 1990-2006 4,000-6,500 individuals C2
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1990-2006 3,000-7,000 individuals C3
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC passage 1990-2006 21,000-28,000 individuals C3
Burhinus oedicnemus NR breeding 1990-2006 44-60 breeding pairs C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1990-2006 220-280 breeding pairs C2, C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC passage 1990-2006 800-1,200 individuals C2
Himantopus himantopus NR breeding 1990-2006 220-370 breeding pairs C2, C6
Himantopus himantopus NR passage 1990-2006 1,400-2,200 individuals C2
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC passage 1990-2006 120-300 individuals C6
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus LC passage 1990-2006 12-89 individuals C6
Charadrius alexandrinus NR breeding 1990-2006 90-120 breeding pairs C6
Charadrius alexandrinus NR passage 1990-2006 450-520 individuals C2
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage 1990-2006 1-3 individuals C1
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT passage 1990-2006 3,000-6,000 individuals C3
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT passage 1990-2006 10,000-15,000 individuals C1, C3
Ruff Calidris pugnax LC passage 1990-2006 13,000-18,000 individuals C6
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus LC passage 1990-2006 700-950 individuals C3
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT passage 1990-2006 8,000-9,000 individuals C3
Dunlin Calidris alpina LC passage 1990-2006 10,000-17,000 individuals C3
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC passage 1990-2006 4,000-8,000 individuals C3
Great Snipe Gallinago media NT passage 1990-2006 20-80 individuals C6
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus LC passage 1990-2006 700-1,200 individuals C6
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus LC passage 1990-2006 750-1,200 individuals C3
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC passage 1990-2006 3,500-12,000 individuals C3
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis LC passage 1990-2006 600-700 individuals C3
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 1990-2006 420-540 breeding pairs C2, C6
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus LC passage 1990-2006 10,000-12,000 individuals C2
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC passage 1990-2006 20-70 individuals C6
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC passage 1990-2006 20,000-50,000 individuals C3
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus LC breeding 1990-2006 220-360 breeding pairs C2, C6
Mew Gull Larus canus LC passage 1990-2006 9,000-12,000 individuals C3
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1990-2006 160-220 breeding pairs C2, C6
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC passage 1990-2006 120-140 individuals C2, C6
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1990-2006 2,300-2,500 breeding pairs C2, C6
Black Tern Chlidonias niger LC breeding 1990-2006 20-80 breeding pairs C6
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 1990-2006 1,800-2,300 breeding pairs C2, C6
Sterna nilotica NR passage 1990-2006 320-350 individuals C2, C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 1990-2006 20-60 breeding pairs C2, C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC passage 1990-2006 1,200-3,000 individuals C2, C6
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus LC breeding 1990-2006 12-20 breeding pairs C6
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1990-2006 8-14 individuals C1, C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC breeding 1990-2006 300-400 breeding pairs C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 1990-2006 2-3 breeding pairs C6
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC breeding 1990-2006 26-28 breeding pairs C2, C6
Milvus migrans NR breeding 1990-2006 6-7 breeding pairs C6
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 1990-2006 360-420 breeding pairs C1, C6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis LC breeding 1990-2006 1,500-1,700 breeding pairs C6
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 1990-2006 1-3 breeding pairs C6
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus NT breeding 1990-2006 220-340 breeding pairs C1, C2, C6
Merlin Falco columbarius LC winter 1990-2006 20-60 individuals C6
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN breeding 1990-2006 1-2 breeding pairs C1, C6
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon LC breeding 1990-2006 10,000-12,000 breeding pairs C6
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka LC breeding 1990-2006 12-24 breeding pairs C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 1990-2006 470,000-950,000 individuals C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Marea Neagra Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 10,455 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Macin - Niculitel Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 17,409 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lunca Prutului - Vladesti - Frumusita Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 874 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lunca Joasa a Prutului Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5,806 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lacul Beibugeac Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,982 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Delta Dunarii si Complexul Razim - Sinoie Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 37,093 protected area contained by site 511,921
Delta Dunarii - zona marina Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 123,320 protected area overlaps with site 6,408
Delta Dunarii Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 453,076 protected area contained by site 450,542
Bestepe - Mahmudia Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 25,856 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Danube Delta. Downloaded from on 29/01/2020.