UK116
Caithness Lochs


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 2001-2006 341 individuals B1i, B3, C2
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 2001-2006 3,968 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana LC breeding 1992 2 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 185 341 individuals 100 favourable
Anser anser Greylag Goose 4490 3968 individuals 89 near favourable
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose 410 200 individuals 49 unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Loch Watten Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 428 protected area contained by site 428
Loch Watten Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 428 protected area overlaps with site 433
Loch Scarmclate Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 108 protected area overlaps with site 110
Loch of Wester Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 69 protected area overlaps with site 69
Loch Of Wester Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 69 protected area contained by site 70
Loch of Mey Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 68 protected area overlaps with site 0
Loch Heilen Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 104 protected area overlaps with site 104
Loch Calder Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 432 protected area overlaps with site 431
Caithness Lochs Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,382 is identical to site 1,372
Caithness Lochs Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,379 protected area overlaps with site 1,372
Broubster Leans Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 172 protected area contained by site 173
Broubster Leans Nature Reserve 293 protected area overlaps with site 0
Broubster Leans Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 173 protected area overlaps with site 172

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Blanket bogs, Fens, transition mires and springs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Caithness Lochs. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2020.