UK114
Cairngorms


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus LC resident 1990 125 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus LC breeding 1990 240 breeding pairs C2, C6
Osprey Pandion haliaetus LC breeding 1991 2 breeding pairs B2, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 1992 8 breeding pairs B2, C6
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus LC resident 1990 15 breeding pairs C6
Merlin Falco columbarius LC breeding 1992 25 breeding pairs C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC resident 1990 10 breeding pairs C6
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica LC resident 1996 abundant A1, B2, C1, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium favourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 4 6 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Eastern Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 16,507 protected area contained by site 16,441
Cairngorms Massif Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 187,485 is identical to site 50,592
Cairngorms National Nature Reserve 25,964 protected area contained by site 25,948
Cairngorms Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 57,692 protected area contains site 50,688
Cairngorms National Park 452,810 protected area contains site 50,688
Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 29,231 protected area contained by site 29,162

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland Scrub, Heathland -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cairngorms. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2022.