UK009
Breckland


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus LC breeding 2004 352 males B2, C6
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus LC breeding 2007 205 breeding pairs C6
Woodlark Lullula arborea LC breeding 2006 364 males C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 low favourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar 315 352 males 100 favourable
Burhinus oedicnemus 106 205 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Lullula arborea Woodlark 150 364 males 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
West Stow Heath Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 44 protected area overlaps with site 0
Weeting Heath National Nature Reserve 137 protected area overlaps with site 0
Weeting Heath Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 142 protected area overlaps with site 0
Weather and Horn Heaths, Eriswell Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 133 protected area overlaps with site 0
Wangford Warren and Carr Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 68 protected area overlaps with site 0
Thompson Water, Carr and Common Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 155 protected area overlaps with site 0
Thetford Heaths Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 271 protected area overlaps with site 0
Thetford Heath National Nature Reserve 98 protected area overlaps with site 0
Thetford Golf Course & Marsh Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 122 protected area contained by site 0
Stanford Training Area Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,677 protected area contained by site 4,681
Rex Graham Reserve Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3 protected area contained by site 0
Rex Graham Reserve Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 3 protected area contained by site 0
Raf Lakenheath Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 111 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Old Bodney Camp Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 33 protected area contained by site 0
Norfolk Valley Fens Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 616 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Little Heath, Barnham Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 46 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lakenheath Warren Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 588 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lackford Lakes Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 106 protected area overlaps with site 0
How Hill Track Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3 protected area contained by site 0
Hooks Well Meadows, Great Cressingham Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 16 protected area overlaps with site 0
Grime's Graves Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 66 protected area overlaps with site 0
Great Eastern Pingo Trail Local Nature Reserve 4 protected area overlaps with site 0
Great Cressingham Fen Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 14 protected area overlaps with site 0
Gooderstone Warren Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 22 protected area contained by site 0
Foxhole Heath, Eriswell Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 85 protected area contained by site 0
Foulden Common Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 139 protected area overlaps with site 0
Field Barn Heaths, Hilborough Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 18 protected area overlaps with site 0
Eriswell Low Warren Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 7 protected area overlaps with site 0
Elm Road Field, Thetford Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 5 protected area overlaps with site 0
East Wretham Heath Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 141 protected area overlaps with site 0
Deadman's Grave, Icklingham Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 127 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cranwich Camp Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 13 protected area contained by site 0
Cranberry Rough Hockham Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 81 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cavenham Heath National Nature Reserve 203 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cavenham - Icklingham Heaths Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 419 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bridgham & Brettenham Heaths Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 442 protected area overlaps with site 0
Brettenham Heath National Nature Reserve 234 protected area overlaps with site 0
Breckland Forest Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 18,125 protected area overlaps with site 18,300
Breckland Farmland Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 13,392 protected area overlaps with site 14,552
Breckland Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 39,433 is identical to site 39,284
Breckland Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 7,544 protected area contained by site 0
Black Ditches, Cavenham Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2 protected area contained by site 0
Berner's Heath, Icklingham Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 236 protected area contained by site 0
Barton Mills Local Nature Reserve 11 protected area overlaps with site 0
Barnhamcross Common Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 69 protected area overlaps with site 0
Barnham Heath Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 79 protected area overlaps with site 0
Barnham Cross Common Local Nature Reserve 69 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Mixed woodland -
Shrubland Heathland -
Grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Forestry plantations -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
military -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Breckland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2020.