King Island


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2009

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris LC resident 1975-1995 458,000-735,607 nests A4ii
Black-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscescens LC resident 1984-1987 450 individuals A4i
Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris LC resident 2006-2007 110 breeding pairs A4i
Sooty Oystercatcher Haematopus fuliginosus LC resident 2006-2007 50 breeding pairs A4i
Hooded Plover Thinornis cucullatus VU resident 2006-2007 60 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Pacific Gull Larus pacificus LC resident 1984-1987 33 breeding pairs A4i
Fairy Tern Sternula nereis VU resident 2006-2007 120-150 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Green Rosella Platycercus caledonicus LC resident 1998-2008 uncommon A2, A3
Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster CR non-breeding 1980-2007 70 individuals A1, A3
Black-headed Honeyeater Melithreptus affinis LC resident 2001-2002 frequent A2, A3
Strong-billed Honeyeater Melithreptus validirostris LC resident 2001-2002 common A2, A3
Yellow-throated Honeyeater Nesoptilotis flavicollis LC resident 1998-2008 common A2, A3
Yellow Wattlebird Anthochaera paradoxa LC resident 1998-2008 common A2, A3
Tasmanian Scrubwren Sericornis humilis LC resident 1998-2008 common A2, A3
Scrubtit Acanthornis magna LC resident 2001-2002 rare A2, A3
Tasmanian Thornbill Acanthiza ewingii LC resident 1998-2008 common A2
Black Currawong Strepera fuliginosa LC resident 1998-2008 frequent A2, A3
Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea NT breeding 1998-2008 uncommon A1, A3
Dusky Robin Melanodryas vittata LC resident 1998-2008 common A2, A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2008 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Stokes Point Conservation Area 245 protected area overlaps with site 0
Seal Rocks Conservation Area 458 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Seal Rocks State Reserve 584 protected area overlaps with site 300
Sea Elephant Conservation Area 731 protected area overlaps with site 0
Sandfly Beach Conservation Covenant 8 protected area overlaps with site 0
Red Hut Road #1 Conservation Covenant 786 protected area overlaps with site 0
Red Hut Point Conservation Area 192 protected area overlaps with site 0
Porky Beach Conservation Area 456 protected area overlaps with site 0
New Year Island Game Reserve 130 protected area overlaps with site 112
Muddy Lagoon Nature Reserve 34 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lavinia State Reserve 7,875 protected area overlaps with site 6,800
Lavinia Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 7,029 protected area contained by site 7,020
Disappointment Bay State Reserve 69 protected area overlaps with site 0
Currie Lightkeepers Residence Historic Site 1 protected area contained by site 0
Counsel Hill Conservation Area 1,211 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Councillor Island Nature Reserve 18 protected area overlaps with site 0
Colliers Swamp Conservation Area 1,089 protected area overlaps with site 0
City of Melbourne Bay Conservation Area 211 protected area overlaps with site 0
Christmas Island Nature Reserve 95 protected area overlaps with site 105
Cataraqui Point Conservation Area 305 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cape Wickham Conservation Area 100 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cape Wickham State Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 3
Badger Box Creek Nature Reserve 24 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sea cliffs, rocky shores & rocky islets, Estuarine waters, Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats, Salt marshes -
Artificial/Terrestrial Improved grassland & pasture -
Grassland Tussock grasslands -
Shrubland Closed shrublands & low closed woodlands, Heath -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
not utilised -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
Most of coast is Crown Land; Lavinia State Reserve (and Ramsar site) is managed by Tasmanian NPWS.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: King Island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2020.