The Centraal Suriname Natuur Reservaat is one of the largest nature reserves in South America. It is 10% of the surface of Suriname. This nature reserve is also a World Heritage site. It is covered by largely pristine rainforest on terra firma. There is also swamp forest and liana forest. There are several insellbergs with a unique flora. The only tepui in Suriname, the Tafelberg, is situated in this nature reserve. There is a high biodiversity. Stinasu is using the reserve for ecotourism. It also has been important for scientific research.
The reserve is very important for two near-threathened species Morphnus guianensis Crested Eagle,and Harpia harpyja Harpy Eagle. There are three range restricted species occuring in the reserve, Hemitriccus inornatus Pelzeln’s Tody-Tyrant, Dysithamnus leucostictus White-streaked Antvireo and Heliodoxa xanthogonys Velvet-browed Brilliant. The total number of species is 505 of which 41 are biome restricted. Hence it is an IBA on A1, A2 and A3 criteria.
Non-bird biodiversity: Because of its pristine features, meaning "least disturbed extant Neotropical forest", the Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve was declared as a World Heritage Biodiversity site by the IUCN and Unesco in 2000. Nothe worthy is also that the orchids occuring on the Voltzberg are endimic for that area.
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2021.