Country/territory: Turkmenistan

IBA criteria met: A4i (2007)
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Area: 6,871 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 not assessed medium not assessed
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Site description (2007 baseline)
The IBA is situated 52 km to the north of Ashgabat in the naturally defined Deryadakyr depression running south to north for 32 km. The IBA is a flood area in the hilly-takyr complex in the Karakum desert and is fed by drainage waters from agricultural land in the foothills of the Central Kopetdag. The relief is hilly fixed sands, with takyr-desert soils. The main vegetation consists of Salsola-grass, Calligonum-Salsola with grasses, grasses with ephemerals, and Karelinia-Alhagi-Phragmites. The climate is extremely continental, with large fluctuations of daily temperatures, high in summer (+29 to +31C) and low in winter (+1 to +4C). The average minimum in January is –3C, the average maximum in July + 38.5C. The absolute minimum temperature is –25C.

Key biodiversity
On the IBA 151 species have been recorded. Nesting species - 39, resident - 9, wintering – 37 and 142 passage.

Non-bird biodiversity: In the IBA, 30 species of mammal have ben recorded: notable are wild boar, jackal, fox and nutria. Amphibians - 2 species: lake frog and green toad. 13 species of reptiles. The following types of vegetation are characteristic: Salsola-grass, Calligonum-Salsola with grasses, grasses with ephemerals, Karelinia-Alhagi-Phragmites.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Deryatakyr. Downloaded from on 06/12/2023.