IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC breeding 2007 1,000 individuals A4i
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC breeding 2007 2 individuals A3
White-winged Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucopterus LC resident 2007 1 individuals A3
Great Tit Parus major LC resident 2007 20-40 individuals A3
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama LC breeding 2007 6-8 individuals A3
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta LC resident 2007 6 individuals A3
Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta LC breeding 2007 14 individuals A3
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps LC breeding 2007 4 individuals A3

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2007 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? no Condition (state) assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flood-plain -
Shrubland Low bushes -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams, Water-fringe vegetation -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
forestry -
military -
tourism/recreation -
unknown -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Muskinata. Downloaded from on 29/05/2023.