Markakol State Nature Reserve

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2006 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Altai Snowcock Tetraogallus altaicus LC breeding 2005 50-249 individuals A3
Hazel Grouse Tetrastes bonasia LC breeding 2005 50-249 individuals A3
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC breeding 2006 70 individuals A3
Goosander Mergus merganser LC breeding 2006 609 individuals A4i
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC breeding 2006 5 individuals A3
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus VU breeding 2006 2 individuals A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2005 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2006).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2012 very unfavourable not assessed medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population poor

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Mergus merganser Goosander 609 10 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Ciconia nigra Black Stork 12 6 individuals 50 unfavourable
Ciconia nigra Black Stork 12 6 individuals 50 unfavourable
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant 45 150 individuals 100 favourable
Pandion haliaetus Osprey 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Milvus migrans 1 300 individuals 100 favourable

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Markakol'skiy State Nature Reserve 75,040 protected area overlaps with site 75,048


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Other urban & industrial areas, Ruderal land -
Forest Flood-plain, Mixed, Native coniferous, Treeline ecotone -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine & boreal, Humid, Mesophile grassland & tall grass steppe, Tundra -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs, Scree, boulders & bare rocky areas -
Shrubland Low bushes, Scrub -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires & springs, Rivers & streams, Standing fresh water -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Markakol State Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 04/12/2023.