Zharkol Lakes

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2004 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 2004 48 individuals A1
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC passage 2004 215,000 individuals A4i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC passage 2004 85,000 individuals A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU passage 2004 13 individuals A1
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC passage 2004 660 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2004 309,030 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2004).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2015 very unfavourable medium not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved reseeded grasslands 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous 0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing fresh water 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation 0 0 very poor (< 40%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Dry grassland on sandy soils, Mesophile grassland & tall grass steppe, Steppes & dry calcareous -
Wetlands (inland) Standing fresh water, Water-fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Highly improved reseeded grasslands -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
hunting -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Zharkol Lakes. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023.