KZ087
Saumalkol Lake


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2006

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 2006 213 individuals A1
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC passage 2006 1,500 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2006 15,000-100,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2017 high near favourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous 0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 80 80 individuals 100 favourable
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck 720 200 individuals 28 very unfavourable
Mareca strepera Gadwall 1 10 individuals 100 favourable
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe 20 1 individuals 5 very unfavourable
Fulica atra Common Coot 8200 4 individuals 1 very unfavourable
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Larus canus Mew Gull 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark 1 20 individuals 100 favourable
Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit 2 2 individuals 100 favourable
Motacilla flava Western Yellow Wagtail 5 5 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water, Water-fringe vegetation -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
rangeland/pastureland -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
Mixed state and private (farmers own a minor part).


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Saumalkol Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/01/2022.