Montecristo Forest

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2007 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Highland Guan Penelopina nigra VU resident 1976 50-249 individuals A1, A2, A3
White-faced Quail-dove Zentrygon albifacies LC unknown - unknown A3
Great Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila sanctihieronymi LC resident - unknown A3
Green-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis viridipallens LC unknown - unknown A2, A3
Amethyst-throated Hummingbird Lampornis amethystinus LC resident - unknown A3
Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami LC resident - unknown A3
Sparkling-tailed Woodstar Tilmatura dupontii LC resident - unknown A3
Slender Sheartail Doricha enicura LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Wine-throated Hummingbird Selasphorus ellioti LC resident - unknown A2, A3
White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis LC resident - unknown A3
Whiskered Screech-owl Megascops trichopsis LC unknown - unknown A3
Fulvous Owl Strix fulvescens LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis LC unknown - unknown A2, A3
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons LC resident - unknown A3
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax LC unknown - unknown A3
Belted Flycatcher Xenotriccus callizonus LC resident - unknown A1, A2, A3
Black-throated Jay Cyanolyca pumilo LC unknown - unknown A3
Unicolored Jay Aphelocoma unicolor LC unknown - unknown A3
Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Black-capped Swallow Atticora pileata LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus LC unknown - unknown A2, A3
Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis LC unknown - unknown A3
Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor LC unknown - unknown A3
Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus LC unknown - unknown A3
Rufous-collared Thrush Turdus rufitorques LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus LC resident - unknown A3
Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis LC resident - unknown A3
Hooded Grosbeak Hesperiphona abeillei LC unknown - unknown A3
Bar-winged Oriole Icterus maculialatus LC resident - unknown A2, A3
Black-vented Oriole Icterus wagleri LC resident - unknown A3
Crescent-chested Warbler Oreothlypis superciliosa LC resident - unknown A3
Golden-cheeked Warbler Setophaga chrysoparia EN winter 2003-2007 50-249 individuals A1
Golden-browed Warbler Basileuterus belli LC resident - unknown A3
Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons LC winter - unknown A3
Painted Whitestart Myioborus pictus LC resident - present A3
Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula LC resident - unknown A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2007).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Parque Nacional Montecristo Parque Nacional 1,973 protected area contained by site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Pine-oak, Tropical lowland evergreen, Tropical semi-deciduous, Gallery & riparian -
Artificial/Terrestrial Forestry & agro-industrial plantations, Other urban & industrial areas, Perennial crops, orchards & groves -
Grassland -
Shrubland Scrub -
Other -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Montecristo Forest. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023.