Hilly sand dunes covered with tree-shrub vegetation, alternate with plains of sandy steppe.
Copmlex of birds typical for the northern dry steppe and semidesert, especially tree-shrub areas.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
In some areas overgrazing, in others there is undergrazing resulting in tall vegetation and deterioration of foraging habitats for raptors. There is some disturbance during selective cutting and firewood collecting.
Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Habitat and land use
The plains of sandy steppe are used for pasture with high stocking densities. The wooded areas belonged to the state and are used for forestry (forest protection). There is selective cutting by forest-keepers and firewood collecting by locals.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Urda Sands. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 16/10/2019.