Year of compilation: 2007

Site description
The Khankhovuz water reservoir was constructed between 1962 and 1966. It is one of the main bulk water reservoirs in the Garagumdarya zone. The IBA is located 65 km to the southeast of Tedjen city and southwest of Mary city.

Key biodiversity
The avifauna of the IBA includes 300 species of which more than 100 are waterfowl and waterbirds. The IBA consists of wetlands in the desert and provides favourable conditions for waterfowl and waterbirds, especially during migration and in winter. Criterion А1 applies for Pelecanus crispus. Several other A1 species have been recorded but current information does not currently justify them being proposed: Aythya nyroca, Oxyura leucocephala, Anser erythropus, Marmaronetta angustirostris. Criterion А4iii applies for the concentrations of waterfowl and waterbirds which number more than 20,000 on migration and in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: – about 20 species, amphibians – 2 species, reptiles – 25 species, and mammals – about 30 species. Flora: – coastal hydrophilic vegetation: Karelinia caspia, Phragmites australis, Salsola, Calligonum L., Haloxylon persicum, H.aphyllum.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Agricultural expansion, intensification, illegal hunting and overfishing.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
From 1970 onwards there were occasional counts of wintering waterfowl (see key references).

Protected areas
Not protected.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khankhovuz. Downloaded from on 29/03/2023.