Turkmenbashy Bay

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 2006-2007 5-7,140 individuals A1, A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 2001-2005 465 individuals A1, A4i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 2001-2005 2,166-50,060 individuals A4i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 2001-2005 13,499-32,444 individuals A4i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 2001-2005 6-455 individuals A1
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 2001-2005 2,148-17,818 individuals A4i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 2001 1,816-20,769 individuals A4i
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 2001 4,825-27,376 individuals A4i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 2001-2005 19,848-27,712 individuals A4i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 2001-2005 24,596-47,607 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2001 68,909-231,846 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 not assessed very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Turkmenbashy Bay Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 267,124 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hazar State Nature Reserve 1,310,185 protected area overlaps with site 192,329


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation, Standing brackish & salt water, Temporary water bodies -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Turkmenbashy Bay. Downloaded from on 02/10/2023.