The site comprises a hilly area elongated in a north-south direction, with separate low mountains with rocky summits. The surrounding landscape to the north is dry steppe (Festuca-Stipa and bush steppe), to the south grass-wormwood semi-desert. Along the river valleys there are some stands of isolated birch-aspen woodland with an admixture of bird cherry and ledge rocks.
122 bird species were registered during a short-term survey in the 2003 breeding season (Kovshar, Davygora, 2004).
Non-bird biodiversity: Nothing of note.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The majority of the area is subject to fires which is the main threat. Grazing by cattle is not a real threat, though sometimes it causes disturbance for large birds. Under-grazing is much more of an issue because it causes the transformation of grassy areas (too much grass) and a deterioration of the foraging areas of raptors.
Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Habitat and land use
The landscapes are little transformed; part of the area is used as pasture, some plain areas near the northern part of the IBA are arable.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mugodzhary. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 17/01/2020.