Dengizkul Lake This is an IBA in danger! 

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2006

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 2000-2005 185-5,135 adults A1, A4i
Smew Mergellus albellus LC winter 2000-2005 18-350 adults A4i
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU winter 2000-2005 4-120 adults A1, A4i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 2000-2005 18-4,550 adults A4i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 2000-2005 250-29,100 adults A4i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 2000-2005 8-245 adults A1
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 2000-2005 187-10,670 adults A4i
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 2001 2 adults A3
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 2000-2005 1,820-208,036 adults A4i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 2000-2005 1-35 adults A1
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis LC resident 2001 1 adults A3
Great Tit Parus major LC resident 2001 6 adults A3
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama LC breeding 1997-1998 5 adults A3
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta LC breeding 2001 1 adults A3
Asian Desert Warbler Curruca nana LC breeding 2001 1 adults A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2000-2005 19,277-286,634 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 very high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - oil spills happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Lake Dengizkul Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 31,300 protected area contained by site 31,300
Dengizkulskiy Wildlife Refuge 50,000 protected area contains site 49,658


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland -
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
military -
nature conservation and research -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dengizkul Lake. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022.