IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2012 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans LC resident 2005 common A2
Whistling Dove Chrysoena viridis NT resident 2005 frequent A1, A2
Collared Petrel Pterodroma brevipes VU breeding 2011 9-30 individuals A1, A4ii
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques LC resident 2005 rare A2
Crimson Shining-parrot Prosopeia splendens VU resident 2005 common A1, A2
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius LC resident 2005 common A2
Kadavu Honeyeater Meliphacator provocator LC resident 2005 abundant A2
Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis LC resident 2005 abundant A2
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa LC resident 2005 uncommon A2
Kadavu Fantail Rhipidura personata NT resident 2005 common A1, A2
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis LC resident 2005 frequent A2
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni LC resident 2005 common A2
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis LC resident 2005 uncommon A2
Fiji Bush-warbler Horornis ruficapilla LC resident 2005 abundant A2
Fiji White-eye Zosterops explorator LC resident 2005 abundant A2
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis LC resident 2005 frequent A2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2012).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2018 favourable high not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat poor

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 783 781 - good (> 90%) favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Tavuki village/Natumua village/Baidamudamu/Solodamu village Locally Managed Marine Area 1,859 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Daviqele village/Nabukelevu/Qaliira/Kabariki Locally Managed Marine Area 2,190 protected area is adjacent to site 2,190

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Nabukelevu Conservation Commiittee 2007
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -

Land ownership
 Nabukelevu is under traditional ownership of local people. Daviqele, the chief village of the Nabukelevu Tikina, owns the south slope, Nabukilevuira owns the west side, and Lomati owns the north-eastern side and the summit, including the only trail to the top.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Nabukelevu. Downloaded from on 07/12/2023.