Garajonay National Park

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
The largest continuous expanse of laurel Laurus forest in the Canary Islands, located in the central area of La Gomera. Other habitats include heath and scrub, and exotic coniferous woodland.

Key biodiversity
The site holds the highest numbers of Columba bollii in the Canary Islands, and is also important for other endemic birds.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Forest fires pose the most serious threat to the site. Additional threats include rat Rattus predation, and the illegal hunting of both Columba species, bird strikes on roads and with electric powerlines, and disturbance from visitors. A management plan exists for the site. Various censuses, studies and conservation campaigns have been carried out by the local government.

Protected areas
National High International High3,984 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Garajonay, 3,984 ha). 3,984 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Garajonay, 3,984 ha). IBA overlaps with World Heritage Site (Garajonay National Park).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Garajonay National Park. Downloaded from on 01/02/2023.