Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2008

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis VU passage 1998-2003 250-999 individuals A1, A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU passage 1998-2003 < 50 individuals A1
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC passage 2002-2006 1,300-1,500 individuals A4i
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus CR winter 1998-2003 1 individuals A1
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo LC passage 1998-2003 2,800-8,000 individuals A4i
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 1998-2003 4,200-12,000 individuals A4i
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT breeding 1998-2000 < 50 breeding pairs A1, A3
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius CR breeding 1998-2003 < 50 individuals A1, A3
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU non-breeding 1998-2003 frequent A1
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT breeding 1998-2003 15 breeding pairs A1, A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 1998-2003 20,000-50,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2004 high very unfavourable not assessed
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial 0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Coastline 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Introduced vegetation 0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Shrubland 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Zharsor-Urkash Lake System Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 41,250 protected area overlaps with site 35,170
Zharsor-Urkash State Nature Sanctuary 29,344 protected area contained by site 29,344


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes -
Grassland Humid, Steppes & dry calcareous -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water, Fens, transition mires & springs, Standing fresh water, Water-fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
Introduced vegetation -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes. Downloaded from on 15/08/2020.