KZ072
Kyzylkol Lake


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2007 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 2002-2003 150-2,500 individuals A1, A4i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC passage 2003 3,000 individuals A4i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU passage 2001 70,000 individuals A4i
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC passage 2001 10,000 individuals A4i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC passage 2003 1,500 individuals A4i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC passage 2001 50,000 individuals A4i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT passage 2001 1,000 individuals A1, A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2007 20,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2007).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2017 very unfavourable not assessed medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat poor

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Alectoris chukar Chukar 1 18 individuals 100 favourable
Perdix perdix Grey Partridge 1 16 individuals 100 favourable
Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse 5 34 individuals 100 favourable
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen 1 5 individuals 100 favourable
Anthropoides virgo Demoiselle Crane 1 92 individuals 100 favourable
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron 17 9 individuals 53 unfavourable
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant 19 19 individuals 100 favourable
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet 7 44 individuals 100 favourable
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt 41 15 individuals 37 very unfavourable
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover 24 1 individuals 5 very unfavourable
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit 36 36 individuals 100 favourable
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe 2 2 individuals 100 favourable
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope 5 1 individuals 20 very unfavourable
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank 19 19 individuals 100 favourable
Asio otus Northern Long-eared Owl 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier 4 1 individuals 25 very unfavourable
Circus cyaneus Hen Harrier 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher 2 2 individuals 100 favourable
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby 1 1 individuals 100 favourable

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Desert Desert & semi-desert - salty 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Desert Desert & semi-desert - stony 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Shrubland Low bushes 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Very little or no conservation action taking place medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes -
Desert Desert & semi-desert - stony, Desert & semi-desert - clay, Desert & semi-desert - salty -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water, Rivers & streams, Water-fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Forestry plantations -
Grassland Dry grassland on sandy soils -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Kyzylkol Lake. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/kyzylkol-lake-iba-kazakhstan on 25/02/2024.