Long Island and Hog Cay

Country/territory: Bahamas

IBA criteria met: A1, A4i, B4i (2007)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 81,011 ha

Bahamas National Trust

Site description (baseline)
Long Island is about eighty miles long and maximum four miles wide. It lies northwest to southeast. Points of interest include; the historic Columbus Monument, the Long Island Museum, Hamilton's Cave, Dean's Blue hole and Clarence Town harbour. The entrance to Cape Santa Maria Resort is located on Galliott Cay approximately 8 miles south of this point is the Stella Maris Resort. Hog Cay is a privately owned island on the leeward side of northern Long Island. The owner has consistently provided daily feedings for the large flock of West Indian Whistling Ducks which roost on this cay at night.

Key biodiversity
The above area has one of the largest flocks of the endangered West Indian Whistling Ducks in the world, estimated to be approximately 450 birds. Common resident birds include; Bahamas Mockingbird, Northern Mockingbird, Common Ground Dove, Thick-billed Vireo and Greater Antillean Bullfinch, White-crowned Pigeon, Mourning Doves, Black-faced Grassquit, Bananaquit, Bahama Pintail,Blue-winged Teal Ducks plus several species of herons, egrets, sandpipers, plovers, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs. In summer Sandwich and Roseate Terns are present on Hog and Galliott Cays. Gray Kingbirds and Greater Antillean Nighthawks are common summer birds.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Long Island and Hog Cay. Downloaded from on 07/06/2023.