Mona and Monito

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2007 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens LC resident 2000 200-300 breeding pairs B4ii
Red-footed Booby Sula sula LC resident 2000 1,200-2,400 breeding pairs B4ii
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster LC resident 2000 600 breeding pairs B4ii
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra LC resident 2000 105 breeding pairs B4ii
Yellow-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius xanthomus EN resident 2007 260 individuals A1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2007).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Reserva Natural Isla de Mona y Monito Natural Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 10,761
Isla de Mona Natural Reserve 157,810 protected area contains site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Tropical semi-deciduous -
Shrubland Arid lowland scrub -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Introduced vegetation -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Intertidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mona and Monito. Downloaded from on 09/12/2023.