Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2003

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Great Curassow Crax rubra VU breeding 2006 1,000-2,499 individuals A1
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea NT breeding 2006 50-249 individuals A1
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus LC unknown 2006 unknown A2
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus CR breeding 2006 20 individuals A1
Black-crowned Pittasoma Pittasoma michleri LC resident 2006 unknown A2
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis EN unknown 2006 250-999 individuals A1
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus VU non-breeding 2006 250-999 individuals A1
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae LC unknown 2006 unknown A2
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera NT winter 2006 2,500-9,999 individuals A1
Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea NT passage 2006 2,500-9,999 individuals A1
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons LC resident 2006 unknown A2

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 high near favourable negligible
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by habitat
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium

Condition of the site (state), by habitat
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Santa Fe Parque Nacional 77,754 protected area is adjacent to site 0
General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera Parque Nacional 26,290 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Donoso Area de Uso Múltiple 195,908 protected area overlaps with site 100,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
hunting -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests. Downloaded from on 02/06/2023.