ES072
Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2011 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT winter 2006 min 450 individuals A1, C1
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT resident 2009 present A1, C1
Great Bustard Otis tarda EN resident 2011 170-190 individuals A1, C1, C6
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC breeding 2007 min 173 breeding pairs C2, C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 2007 min 84 breeding pairs C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC winter 2007 min 42 individuals C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC resident 2007 min 23 breeding pairs C6
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax LC resident 2003 min 25 breeding pairs C6

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2011).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 unfavourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Yesares del valle del Tajo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 28,033 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Vegas; cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 51,009 protected area overlaps with site 14,282
Salobral de Ocaña Microrreserva 319 protected area overlaps with site 0
Regajal-Mar Ontigola Reserva Natural 629 protected area overlaps with site 0
Estepas salinas de Toledo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 679 protected area is adjacent to site 0
El Regajal--Mar de Ontígola Natural Reserve 635 protected area contained by site 635
Ejes de los Cursos Bajos de los Ríos Manzanares y Jarama Parque Regional 31,550 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 27,983 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,689 protected area overlaps with site 1,215
Carrizales y sotos de Aranjuez Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 14,957 protected area overlaps with site 14,972
Carrizal de Villamejor Natural Reserve 56 protected area contained by site 56

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Forestry plantations -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/redbeeds-and-copses-of-aranjuez-iba-spain on 23/02/2024.