The site was identified as important in 2008 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
|Species||Current IUCN Red List Category||Season||Year(s)||Population estimate at site||IBA criteria met|
|Nazca Booby Sula granti||LC||resident||2007||60,000-110,000 individuals||A4ii|
|A4iii Species group - seabirds||n/a||breeding||2007-2008||50,000-99,999 individuals||A4iii|
The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2008).
|Protected area (PA)||PA designation||PA area (ha)||Relationship of PA with IBA||Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)|
|Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary||World Heritage Site (natural or mixed)||857,500||is identical to site||1,050|
|Malpelo||Santuario de Fauna y Flora||2,667,907||protected area contains site||1,050|
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Santuario de Fauna y Flora Malpelo. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/santuario-de-fauna-y-flora-malpelo-iba-colombia on 22/09/2023.