Sierra Nevada mountain range

Site description (2000 baseline):

Site location and context
A mountain range dominated by scrub and grassland. There are also Pinus plantations, some native Pinus forest and broadleaved deciduous forest. The main human activities are livestock-farming, game hunting and recreation.

Key biodiversity
This is an important area for breeding raptors and species characteristic of Mediterranean habitats.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from overgrazing and development associated with tourism. There has been a management plan since 1994.

Protected areas
National Partial International Partial35,430 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra Nevada, 35,430 ha). 171,646 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra Nevada, 171,646 ha). 171,646 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Sierra Nevada, 171,646 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Sierra Nevada mountain range. Downloaded from on 02/12/2023.