A limestone massif with large areas of exposed rock. The vegetation comprises alpine pastures, scrub, maquis and Quercus, Pinus and Abies forest. The main human activities are livestock-farming, hunting and tourism.
This is an important area for breeding raptors.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from groundwater extraction, overgrazing preventing regeneration in forested areas, and forest fires.
National Partial International None1,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Serrania de Ronda, 21,982 ha). 18,530 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de las Nieves, 18,530 ha). 5,316 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Los Reales de Sierra Bermeja, 1,236 ha). 478 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Sierra Crestellina, 478 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2022.