Lebrija, Las Cabezas and Espera lagoons

Site description (2000 baseline):

Site location and context
A complex of with dense emergent vegetation. The surrounding area is dominated by arable agriculture and dehesas.

Key biodiversity
This is an important area for breeding and wintering ducks and for dispersing juvenile Aquila adalberti, Aquila chrysaetos and Hieraaetus fasciatus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (wintering).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from the intensification and expansion of agriculture, disturbance from visitors and gamekeepers, drought and hunting.

Protected areas
National Low International Low59 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Complejo endorreico de Espera, 59 ha). 23 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Complejo endorreico de Lebrija-Las Cabezas, 23 ha). 438 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Lagunas de Espera, 438 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lebrija, Las Cabezas and Espera lagoons. Downloaded from on 03/10/2023.