ES259
Guadalquivir marshes This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 2000 500-700 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN resident 2000 15-30 breeding pairs A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 2000 45,000-80,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 2000 3,000-6,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU resident 2000 30-50 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU winter 2000 max 600 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 2000 max 10,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC resident 2000 800-1,200 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 2000 max 100,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 2000 1,000-2,000 individuals B1i, C3
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 2000 120,000-130,000 individuals A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 2000 max 40,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 2000 max 170,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 2009 10,565-52,675 individuals A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC resident 2000 300-3,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio LC resident 2000 max 5,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata LC resident 2009 5-17 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC winter 2000 50-100 individuals B1i, C2
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC resident 2000 900-1,000 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC resident 2000 max 1,500 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC resident 2009 1,000-3,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Egretta garzetta NR resident 2000 max 5,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC resident 2000 1,500-2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 2000 250-300 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea LC breeding 2000 500-700 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Himantopus himantopus NR resident 2000 max 20,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC resident 2000 4,000-7,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Charadrius alexandrinus NR breeding 2007 124-2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Charadrius alexandrinus NR winter 2000 30,000-40,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT winter 2000 2,000-3,000 individuals A1, C1
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 2000 40,000-50,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C3
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC resident 2000 4,000-8,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 2000 7,000-10,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sterna nilotica NR breeding 2000 800-2,300 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC resident 2007 300-574 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii LC winter 2009 max 444 individuals A1, C1
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii LC passage 2009 2,000-5,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 2000 1,800-2,500 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 2000 5,000-8,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Black Tern Chlidonias niger LC breeding 2000 10-15 breeding pairs C6
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti VU resident 2009 max 9 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC resident 2000 130-150 breeding pairs C2, C6
Red Kite Milvus milvus NT breeding 2000 max 80 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2
Black Kite Milvus migrans LC breeding 2000 max 2,000 breeding pairs B2, C6
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1996 min 20,000 individuals A4iv, B1iv, C5
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage - min 20,000 individuals A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a resident - 20,000-49,999 breeding pairs A4iii, C4
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter - 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information -

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Marismas del Río Palmones Nature Place 58 protected area contained by site 50,720
Doñana Norte y Oeste Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 30,968 protected area overlaps with site 16,669
Doñana National Park World Heritage Site 54,252 protected area overlaps with site 0
Doñana Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 111,646 protected area contained by site 50,720
Doñana Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 48,385 protected area contained by site 113,900
Doñana UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 77,260 protected area contained by site 77,260
Doñana Natural Park 53,835 protected area contained by site 54,250
Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,919 protected area overlaps with site 797
Corredor Ecológico del Río Guadiamar Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 16,714 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Brazo del Este Nature Place 1,653 protected area contained by site 1,336
Brazo del Este Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 14,814 protected area contained by site 1,653
Bajo Guadalquivir Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 3,896 protected area overlaps with site 3,048

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland, Alluvial and very wet forest, Broadleaved evergreen woodland -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Standing brackish and salt water, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land, Forestry plantations -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches, Salt marshes, Lagoons -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Guadalquivir marshes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2018.