Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: The area is quite rich in avifauna, and 178 bird species are reported from the site (Sharma 2002). The site lies in Biome-11 (Indo- Malayan Tropical Dry Zone), where BirdLife International (undated) has listed 59 species in the biome-restricted assemblages. In forests and grasslands of Sitamata, 31 species of this biome have been recognized, hence the site is important for the biomerestricted assemblages (A3 criteria). It also has a small nesting colony of Long-billed Vultures, now much depleted. Five species recognized as Near Threatened are also found here.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Sanctuary is known for the presence of an isolated population of the Large Brown Flying Squirrel. Other vertebrates commonly seen are Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Bluebull Boselaphus tragocamelus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis and Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis. The important predators of the Sanctuary are Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Wolf Canis lupus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena, Golden Jackal Canis aureus and Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis. Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata and Porcupine Hystrix indica also occur.
The site bears the only natural teak forest in Rajasthan. Since teak serves as an important source of timber of high economic value, the site faces acute threat of illegal felling of teakwood. Besides this, a large human population inhabits the Sanctuary area, due to which human activities such as agricultural practices, firewood collection and poaching are severe threats. Rodgers and Panwar (1988) have recommended that at least 20,000 ha of extant teak forest area should be declared as national park. This will help in the safeguarding of this poorly protected biome.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/05/2022.